• Comparability of Energy: In order to ensure comparability across different energy carriers like oil, natural gas or electricity, all calculations refer to primary energy as the common unit of measurement.
  • Bottom-Up Calculation: The calculation and evaluation of energy savings as well as related CO2 emission savings is carried out in accordance with the European directive 2006/32/EC.
    MACS use a bottom-up approach, focusing on calculating energy efficiency improvements by implementing specific measures, rather than making estimates from a sectoral or national perspective.
  • International Standards: As far as possible, MACS take existing international standards and guidelines into account. Our evaluation and monitoring of EE/RE projects incorporates the following guidelines (click to view details):